Periodontal gum disease is associated with
Bleeding from the gums on slight provocation is the the first sign.Bleeding gums can make tooth brushing difficult.
Pus discharge is the advanced sign of periodontal gum disease.It’s often associated with #halitosis or #bad breath.
Periodontal gum disease finally lead to mobility in teeth.It often leads to premature teeth loss.
-Halitosis or bad breath
One thing which is socially disgusting and noticed by someone .
Due to the plaque accumulation and exposed dentin.
Causes of periodontal gum disease
-Poor oral hygiene
Due to improper method and frequency of tooth brushing and flossing
-Plaque & Tartar (Calculus)
Such deposits are due to inadequate visits for professional cleaning of teeth by a dental hygienist/dentist
-Chronic Gingivitis (Swollen and inflamed gums)
Bulky and swollen gums associated with all the above features.
-Quality of saliva
Thick and frothy saliva is conducive to bad gum health.
Teeth alignment, quality of saliva, various genetic factors leads a very important reason.
-Syestemic conditions such as Diabetes
-Side effects of various drugs
Calcium channel blockers ( Antihypertensive drug) Nifedipine, Anti epileptic drug such as Phenytoin were known to cause enlargement in the gums.
-Eliminate local causative factors such as plaque control and removal of calculus with the help of ultrasonic scaling
-Motivate and educate patient for maintaining proper oral hygiene
-Screening of overall gingival and periodontal health by means if various diagnostic aids
-If required, perform other gingival and periodontal procedures also such as
-Sub gingival scaling and curretage